Local Attitudes

The Island Issues Survey, conducted by QMark Research, asks Hawaii residents about vacation rentals, the Thirty Meter Telescope and their personal financial situations.

September, 2016

Q1.

Do you support or oppose the construction of the Thirty Meter Telescope on the summit of Mauna Kea?

Strongly support 41%
Somewhat support 32%
Somewhat oppose 17%
Strongly oppose 10%

(Does not add to 100 percent due to rounding)

 

ISLAND DIFFERENCES: 45% of Oahu respondents say they strongly support TMT, but only 31% of Neighbor Island residents voice strong support. And only 22% from Maui County offer strong support.

GENERATIONAL DIVIDE: Age was a big factor statewide: only 7% of those ages 18 to 34 said they strongly supported TMT; 22% of ages 35 to 49; 52% of ages 50 to 64; and 69% of those 65+. However, almost half of the two youngest groups said they somewhat support TMT, so no matter what the age, a strong majority strongly or somewhat support TMT.

ETHNIC VARIATIONS: Strongest opposition came from Native Hawaiians: 50 percent either strongly or somewhat opposed TMT; those numbers for Japanese and Caucasians were 16% and 17%, respectively.

 

Q2.

Should people who own homes in residential neighborhoods be allowed to rent to tourists or only to Hawaii residents?

OK to rent to tourists 31%
Should rent only to residents 33%
No opinion 36%

 

ISLAND DIFFERENCES: There were only tiny differences between the numbers from Oahu and the Neighbor Islands average, but only 22 percent of Kauai respondents said it was OK to rent to tourists.

GENERATIONAL DIVIDE: Age was a big factor: 40% of those ages 18 to 34 said it was OK to rent to tourists; 33% of ages 35 to 49; 23% of ages 50 to 64; and 29% of those 65+. At first, this struck me as counterintuitive: Young people are more likely to rent and therefore more likely to be hurt by those who would rather rent their units to tourists than local people. But I then realized that young people are more likely to use services like Airbnb when they travel to other Islands or overseas, and therefore would be more sympathetic to such services.

MEN’S OPINIONS: A little more than half of men ages 49 and under said it was OK to rent to tourists. The comparable figure for women ages 49 and under was about 30%.

ETHNIC VARIATIONS: Strongest support for renting to tourists came from Caucasians (36%) and weakest from Filipinos (25%).

 

Q3.

Thinking of the last year or two, has your personal financial situation:

Gotten better 20%
Stayed the same 62%
Gotten worse 17%

(Does not add to 100 percent due to rounding)

 

ISLAND DIFFERENCES: The “gotten worse” numbers vary a lot from Island to Island: Oahu 14%; Big Island 24%; Maui County 21%; Kauai 30%.

ETHNIC VARIATIONS: Hawaiians had the biggest percentage of “gotten better”: 33%. Of the five ethnic categories in the survey (Caucasian, Filipino, Hawaiian, Japanese and Other), Other had the biggest percentage of “gotten worse”: 25%

 

Q3a.

For those whose financial situation had gotten better, we asked for the main reason:

Increase in revenue/pay/money: 49%
Decrease in other living expenses: 18%
Decreases in housing cost/mortgage/rent: 10%
My business is doing well: 9%
Other: 8%
I added a second job/more work hours: 7%

(Does not add to 100 percent due to rounding)

 

Q2b.

For those whose financial situation had gotten worse, we asked for the main reason:

Increase in other living expenses: 36%
Increase in housing cost/mortgage/rent: 18%
Decrease in revenue/pay/money: 18%
Other: 11%
Lost my job/work hours cut: 10%
My business is doing poorly: 6%

(Does not add to 100 percent due to rounding)


METHODOLOGY

09-16-LOCAL-ATTITUDES-IMG_1This telephone and internet survey of 427 residents spread among all major Hawaiian Islands was conducted from July 12 to July 18 by QMark Research. The margin of error for a total sample of this size (n=427) is +/- 4.90 percentage points with a 95% confidence level.

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Author:

Steve Petranik